Earthquakes: funding for earthquake-proof houses

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Earthquakes: funding for earthquake-proof houses
For seismic actions are planned a series of public funding. That's what. LOANS TO ADAPT THE CASE THE RULES SEISMIC. After the earthquake in Abruzzo on April 6, 2009, it was issued a new measure to give greater impetus to seismic risk reduction. Article 11 of Law no. 77 of 24 June 2009 conversion of Decree. 39 of 28 April 2009 for the reconstruction in Abruzzo, expected to be financed interventions for the prevention of seismic risk throughout the country, thanks to a fund established in the estimates of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. Interventions, seismic improvement or strengthening of local private and public buildings of strategic interest, are implemented through programs set up by the regions and autonomous provinces, each of which is assigned a rate of overall fund, proportional to the seismic risk of the scope territorial, as calculated from research centers of competence of the Department of Civil Protection. The activation of the interventions on the private housing stock for the year 2011 (OPCM 4007/12) is made compulsory in a minimum of 20% and maximum 40% of the funding allocated to the regions, provided this is not less than 2 million euro. - BUILDINGS WITH CONCRETE cladding walls. The safety of a reinforced concrete building depends on many factors, in particular the design, implementation and maintenance of its structure (columns, beams, etc.). All seals - ie the walls closing external non-bearing - are not designed to withstand the earthquake, but the past earthquakes have shown that they provide a positive contribution in kind. In some cases the total or partial lack of tamping (such as, for example, in floors porches) can determine behaviors unfavorable and thus promote even serious damage to the building. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONTRIBUTIONS FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND MAGNITUDE. There is no link between the magnitude of the earthquake and the amount and terms of allocation of grants for the reconstruction of villages damaged. Moreover, the magnitude of the earthquake expresses the energy released at the focus, but says nothing about the extent of the effects that can be observed on the surface. An earthquake of high magnitude may in fact also not cause harm if, for example, takes place in an uninhabited area or if it is very deep. For this would not make sense to use the magnitude as a parameter to determine the extent of damage and consequently the contributions to be allocated to the affected populations.